Letters from Lodi

An insightful and objective look at viticulture and winemaking from the Lodi
Appellation and the growers and vintners behind these crafts. Told from the
perspective of multi-award winning wine journalist, Randy Caparoso.

Randy Caparoso
May 21, 2020 | History | Randy Caparoso

A history of Lodi winegrowing, part 3 — 1969, a year of big changes

In this 1969 photo, Lodi native Ellen Turner gazes up at the city's first-ever yield sign — prior to that, there was just not enough traffic to warrant this in a city of less than 25,000 — at the corner of Chestnut and School Streets (image courtesy of Lodi Historical Society)

Continued from: A History of Lodi winegrowing, part 2 — from Tokay to a Golden Age

1969. If you weren’t born yet, we envy your youth but feel sorry you missed it.

There were good times in 1969. There was a little thing called Woodstock, which everyone and their friends’ friends claimed to have “almost” attended. Neil Armstrong set foot on the moon. Sports fans had their “Miracle Mets” and “Broadway Joe” Namath. Star Trek was just canceled, which only got Trekkies warmed up.

Otherwise, we were hearing “sock-it-to-me” on Rowan and Martin’s Laugh-In; and “Proud Mary,” “Everybody’s Talkin’,” “Get Together,” “Get Back,” “A Boy Named Sue,” “I Heard It Through the Grapevine,” and so many other all-time classics over the airwaves.

1969 was also the year that the song “Lodi” — composed by John Fogerty and performed by Creedence Clearwater Revival — came out on the B-side of “Bad Moon Rising,” and later on their Green River album. For a song with such a sweet, memorable opening chord progression, “Lodi” sure has a downer of a chorus: Oh lord, I’m stuck in Lodi a... gain.

Still, it’s a heckuva lot easier to sing than “New York, New York,” and mercifully sap-free, unlike “San Francisco with Flowers In Your Hair.” Sure, it’s about a musician feeling sorry for himself; but most fans would take “Lodi” any day, over almost any other song about a town or city.

“Lodi,” however, is not even a true tale. Mr. Fogerty was never a down-and-out musician playing in a club in Lodi. His career, if anything, practically shot out of a cannon into big-time venues shortly after he got out of the Army in 1967. Although locals never saw Mr. Fogerty staggering through the streets of Lodi, there are still some who can recall seeing his group in the late '60s at the Memorial Auditorium in Sacramento, when they were still known as... The Golliwogs.

But according to the man himself, communicating with fans over 30 years later on

The first time I ever heard the word 'Lodi,' I thought it was the coolest-sounding name, so I saved it for the longest time... I sat down and wrote about being on the road, being a musician — not the happy, glamorous part. Rather, I projected myself ahead maybe 10 years, as a country musician singing that minor hit I had 10 years ago. There I was… I wasn't in Los Angeles, not even in Cucamonga. I'm way out in Lodi! The song went from 'Lodi' to 'Oh Lord, stuck in Lodi, again,' not a happy thought.

In 1969 Lodi's corner of Lodi Ave. and Ham Ln. was still lined with vineyards, and curbs and sidewalks were finally installed to allow kids to walk to school a little more safely (image courtesy of Lodi Historical Society)

As fate would have it, since “Oh lord, I’m stuck in Cucamonga again” just didn’t work for Fogerty, it's "Lodi" that ended up being one of so many people's all-time favorite songs. 

1969, as it were, was also the year when the American wine industry reported sales of dry table wines exceeding sweet fortified dessert wines for the first time since pre-Prohibition days (re Gastineau, Fermented Food Beverages in Nutrition). The Lodi wine region’s 15 or so wineries, unfortunately, were more equipped for the production of dessert wines, bulk wines, or brandies.

1969 Lodi Grape Festival Queen Lana Mirko displaying clusters of Flame Tokay just before the annual blue ribbon judging for the largest and most "perfect" grapes (image courtesy of Lodi Grape Festival)

As a city, Lodi celebrated 100 years of existence in 1969 (prior to 1869, the settlement was called Mokelumne — much harder to say). At the time, Lodi's population was 28,691. Most recently, the U.S. Census Bureau has put it closer to 68,000. Enough for, say, a Safeway, a Walmart, a Costco, and no less than five free-standing Starbucks; but evidently not for a Whole Foods or Trader Joe’s. This is fine by most Lodi natives, who much prefer that growth be restrained enough to maintain a green expanse of surrounding agriculture — pushed back against urban encroachment from Stockton to the south and the bedroom communities of Sacramento to the north, and unregulated growth of strip malls and subdivisions from within.

The 1968 "scene" at Lodi's A&W (a restaurant chain that originated in Lodi in 1915) — one of the most popular afterschool activities for teens (unlike "white lightning," the mythical "biggest thrill of all" in Merle Haggard's "Oakie from Muskogee," which also came out in 1969)

Although it would take Lodi another 25 years to get into the premium quality varietal wine groove, it wasn’t like the region was doing nothing. According to a 1970 U.C. Davis report on the “California Grape Situation and Outlook” delivered by Extension Viticulturist A.N. Kasimatis, “North San Joaquin Valley (which would become defined as the Lodi Viticultural Area in 1986) accounted for 25% of the1969 California wine grape crush,” whereas “California’s famous coastal winemaking counties account for a mere 8% of the total 1969 crush...”

At that time, most of California’s wine grapes were being crushed in neither Lodi nor in coastal regions; but rather in Central and Southern San Joaquin Valley (some 64% of the state’s total, grown from Modesto to Bakersfield), going into the bulk wines and dessert wines that most Americans were consuming.

A 1960s image for E. & J. Gallo's Ripple, a light, sweet, fizzy red wine billed in magazine, television, and radio ads as "a new drink for lively people"

Kasimatis shares some interesting figures reflecting the transitional stage taking place in Lodi in 1969: reporting a total of 21,720 acres of table grapes (i.e. Flame Tokay) planted in Northern San Joaquin Valley, compared to 34,950 acres of wine grapes. Cognizant of the growing consumption of wine in the U.S. at the time, Kasimatis also makes note of the “diminishing role of the seeded table grape” in the market; reporting that “some 90% of the tonnage was crushed” (primarily for bulk wine production), with “only 10% going for fresh sales.”

1969, in other words, was also a year signifying the beginning of the end of the era of Tokay as a dominant fresh market commodity — a factor underlined by the fact that there were also 2,390 acres of newly planted, non-bearing wine grapes going into the ground in Lodi (much of it displacing ancient Tokay vines) that year.

Carignan — during the 1960s and '70s, California's most widely planted wine grape (more than 7 times more acreage than Cabernet Sauvignon) — in one of Lodi's classic ancient vine plantings (Rauser Vineyard, planted on Lodi's east side in 1909)

To give you another idea of how the entire California wine industry looked at the time, here is the list (cited by Kasimatis from a San Francisco Weekly Wine Report) of the most widely planted red wine grapes in 1969 which, again, reflects the reality of what consumers were really drinking at the time (grapes like Carignan, Zinfandel, and Grenache going primarily into dessert wines or generic "jug" wines such as E. & J. Gallo's famous Hearty Burgundy):

Carignan (27,713 acres)
Zinfandel (22,071 acres)
Grenache (13,293 acres)
Alicante Bouschet (7,852 acres)
Mission (7,229 acres)
Petite Sirah (4,459 acres)
Cabernet Sauvignon (3,572 acres)
Pinot noir (2,347 acres)
Mataró (a.k.a. Mourvèdre; 2,082 acres)

Very rare (in 2019) sighting of Burger grapes — long fallen out of favor in the California wine industry — in Jessie's Grove's Block 4, planted in 1900 on Lodi's west side

The list of 1969’s most widely planted white wine grapes in California also demonstrates predominant consumer tastes for sweet dessert wines or “jug” whites:

Palomino (7,340 acres)
Colombard (6,391 acres)
Chenin blanc (2,552 acres)
Burger (2,496 acres)
Chardonnay (1,722 acres)
Riesling (1,286 acres)
Sauvignon vert (a.k.a. Muscadelle; 1,270 acres)
Sylvaner (1,199 acres)
Sémillon (1,174 acres)
Sauvignon blanc (1,127 acres)

These were different times in so many ways, but one thing will never change: those great ol' songs will always be with us!

Next week: A history of Lodi winegrowing, part 4 — slow transition from co-op to independent wineries

Dig this January 1969 poster for a Fillmore West (San Francisco) concert headlined by CCR, supported by bluesman Albert Collins and Fleetwood Mac (when they were still an all-male, pure blues "underground" band), with $3.00/$3.50 tickets




Lodi Wine Visitor Center
2545 West Turner Road Lodi, CA 95242
Open: Daily 10:00am-5:00pm

Lodi Winegrape Commission
2545 West Turner Road, Lodi, CA 95242
Open: Monday-Friday 8:00am-5:00pm

Have a question? Complete our contact form.